Education in India | The Encyclopedia

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Education in India

Education has been thrust sectors ever since India attained Independence Education care into the Concurrent List in 1976. The year 2010 was a highlight year for education in the country.

Elementary Education:


The government of India introduced the District Primary Education Programme in November 1994 to regulate the elementary education system in India.
There are other programs for mandatory elementary education, especially for girls. The Kasturba Gandhi Shiksha Yojana aims at establishing residential schools for girls in all districts, which have a remarkably low female literacy rate Institutes like National Bal Bhawan encourage children to pursue activities as per their liking, and thus enhance their creative potential Other programs such as the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and the Mid Day Meal Scheme has been introduced to attract more children And parents) towards literacy.

The RTE Act 2009 lays down norms and standards relating to pupil-teacher buildings and infrastructure school working days and teacher working hours.

Secondary Education:

It works as a link between elementary and higher education and plays a vital role in this respect. A student's future depends on the education she/he receives at the secondary level, apart from the base of knowledge of a child. Secondary education can be the tools for shaping and directing a child to a bright future. Secondary education includes children between the age group of 14-18 years studying in 9 10, leading to higher and secondary classes of 11th and 12th.


A host of programs and organizations that support Secondary Education under the administrative control of the Union Department of Education are:-


  • National Council of Educational Research and Training NCERT 
  • Central Institute of Education Technology (CIET) 
  • Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) 
  • National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS)
  • Navodaya Vidyalaya Sami Central Tibetan Schools Administration (CTSA) 


Right to Education Act Education as a fundamental human right, necessary for the empowerment and development of an individual person and the society as a whole According to the UNESCO s Education for Global Monitoring Report 2010, about 125 countries have constitutional provision for free and non-discriminatory education for all.
With the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act on 12th December 2002. Article 21A was inserted in the Constitution to introduce Right to Education as a fundamental right

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act finally came into existence on 1st April 2010. This Act provides free and mandatory education to all children in the age group of six to fourteen years.
It is now the legally enforceable duty of the Centre and the states to provide free and compulsory education.

Universities and colleges: 

There are 634-degree awarding institutions in the country with Tamil Nadu Leading the chart with 59, followed 58 in Uttar Pradesh, 48n Rajasthan, 44 in Maharashtra And Karnataka, Gujarat Madhya Pradesh, and West Bengal having 42, 36, 28, and 26 respectively in 1950 the total number of universities was 30 (most of the government-run or funded). The number of colleges 695, which means, on average, 23 colleges per university. In 2011 the number of universities had grown 30 Old. It was 634 while the numbers of col legs 33,023, averaging 55 colleges per university, thus putting pressure on the university's administration in managing these institutions. Out of these 634 universities, 100 are private.

Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)

The Indian Institute of Technology (is) are a group of autonomous engineering, and technology-oriented institutes of higher education Ther are 16 Indian Institutes of Technology The older ones are at Kharagpur, Bombay Madras, Kanpur, Delhi, Guwahati and Roorkee In addition to these seven its


IIT Bombay

The Institute of Technology Amendment Act 2011 added in new institutes to theist. Of these, eight are new Institutes in cedar of establishment IIT Ropar in Rup- Nagar (2008), IT Bhubaneswar (2008), IT Gandhinagar (200a), IT Hyderabad (2008). IT Patna (2008), IT Rajasthan (2008), IT Mandi 2009, and IT Indore (2009) These Uts Vera Wete registered as societies arid are in the various story of consolidation and development. The Ethicon suture of Technology, Banaras Hindu University UET-BHU, which was an institute under the administration of Banaras Hindu University and is now named Indian Institute technology (Banaras Hindu University), abbreviated IIT (BHU) Varanasi.

Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs)

Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) were set up to provide management education to serve the industry through research and consulting services. The IMs award only diplomas and not degrees. There are 13 IIMs in India. The IMs are at Calcutta (West Bengal). Ahmedabad(Gujarati, Bangalore(Kamatakal Lucknow(Uttar Pradesh), Kozhikode (Kerala), Indore Madhya Pradesh), Shillong (Megha laya), Ranchi Jharkhand), Rohtak (Haryana Raipur Chhattisgarh). Tiruchirappalli (Tamil Nadu), Udaipur Rajasthan) and Kashipur (Uttarakhand).

Organizations involved in the higher education system of the country:

University Grants Commission (UGC) has the unique distinction of being the only grant-giving agency in the country, which has two responsibilities of providing funds and coordination determination and maintenance of standards in institutions of higher education.
Some professional council include
All India Council for Technical Education (АСТЕ)
Distance Courses Institutes
Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR)
Bar Council of India (BCI)
National Council for Teacher Education (Hсть)
Rehabilitation Council of India (RCH)
Medical Council of India (MCI)
Pharmacy Council of India (PCI)
Dental Council of India (DCI)
Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH)
Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)

Department of Education under the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development is responsible for making a better education system and planning of an improved education system and implementing the plan.

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